What investors are considering in relation to inflation-linked bonds

  • 06 June 2023 (5 min read)

Key points: 

  • The move away from inflation-linked bonds is expected but potentially misplaced.
  • How investors might consider their inflation-linked bond allocation
  • What inflation-linked bonds can offer in this market environment

Inflation-linked bonds tend to be at the sharp end of investor behavior: investors pile in as inflation takes off and then disinvest when nearing the peak regardless of what the inflation level is. This current inflationary cycle has been no different, and investors began moving away from inflation-linked bonds towards the end of 2022 as the headline inflation peak was anticipated. This trend continues today.

The challenge for investors, however, is that inflation is still high even by historic standards and, while headline inflation may have fallen from the extremes of this time last year, core inflation remains elevated. Inflation is sticky, and we expect it may be a problem for the next decade. Factors that might see inflation remaining sticky such as the green revolution, the continuing supply strains on resources caused by the war in Ukraine, and budget deficit concerns mean inflation levels could remain volatile for the foreseeable future.

Nevertheless, as the chart below shows, we are still projecting a return to around the 2% target levels by the end of 2023.

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Source: AXA IM Forecasting as of March 2023. The above represents our current market views only and does not constitute investment advice.

Added to this, the 10Y inflation breakevens suggest that the market is pricing future inflation at similar levels to those seen between 2010 and 2013.

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10y inflation swaps

Source: AXA IM, Datastream as at 16/05/2023 

Market conditions offering potential opportunities

We expect that yield curves will remain inverted with overnight interest swap markets (OIS) pointing to US rates at 3.8% in 2-years’ time, Euro rates at 3.1%, and sterling overnight rates at 4.4%1. As an inverted yield curve has historically been followed by a yield rally, market signals are making a stronger case for duration than we’ve seen for a while. Considering this expectation of a duration rally once core inflation turns, adding duration as core inflation rolls over may be an interesting opportunity.

When inflation moderates, inflation breakevens tend to go down, but this combination of elevated levels of real yields and moderate level of breakevens is where we see opportunities. Inflation-linked bonds’ average real yields are currently at their highest average level since 2009-2010 but they are positive suggesting that investors can lock-in an above inflation income.

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Source: AXA IM, Datastream as at 16/05/2023

 

We believe that the combination of this with the market complacency towards future inflation risks suggests that inflation-linked bond investors may be able to lock-in positive real yields at their highest level post Lehman while getting exposure to inflation breakevens, (effectively a form of insurance premium against future inflation) at historically attractive levels.

With inflation likely to be volatile for the foreseeable future, inflation-linked bonds may be a useful tool for investors. They provide resilience against sticky inflation and, as all inflation linked bonds cashflows are indexed to inflation and their issuers are often highly rated sovereigns, investing in inflation-linked bonds may be used as part of an investor’s capital preservation strategy.


Risk Warning

Investment involves risk including the loss of capital.

The information has been established on the basis of data, projections, forecasts, anticipations and hypothesis which are subjective. This analysis and conclusions are the expression of an opinion, based on available data at a specific date. Due to the subjective aspect of these analyses, the effective evolution of the economic variables and values of the financial markets could be significantly different for the projections, forecast, anticipations and hypothesis which are communicated in this material.

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